Impacts of International Aid in Developing Countries;
The Journey So Far
If you have been paying attention to recent happenings you will agree that many developing countries could use some level of international aid. Helping these nations goes beyond political motives and sometimes characterize foreign international grants. It is spearheaded by the need to save lives, protect families and by our desires to equip the younger generations with the tools, knowledge, and confidence for a better tomorrow. It is simply lending a hand to fellow humans in need.
At AVA, we focus our activities on particular regions using the local’s knowledge and expertise to integrate longer lasting benefits to the community.
International aid could come by way of assistance whether through resources or expertise to those who are in distress in a particular area.
Countries that enjoy charities benefit by receiving:
- Educational assistance
- Medical Aids
- Distribution of necessary amenities etc.
Follow the money
If you are wondering whether your country is among the top recipients, we have got good news. Research has revealed the top 10 countries to have received the most amount of international aid. They are
- Cote d’Ivoire
Each of those has received international assistance worth at least 2 billion USD yearly from various independent aids and volunteer contributions.
There are different circumstances that make International Aid to be provided, but the question now is how has this impacted those countries?
How well have people benefited from them?
Is it an attitude/activity that should be encouraged or one to be discarded?
When did the Journey Begin?
People have benefited from International aid as far back as 100 years before now. Rich countries started rendering aid by way of financial assistance to poorer countries in the 19th century.
By 1920, countries like France, Germany, and Britain were providing regular aid to their colonies in Africa, Latin America and some parts of Asia.
Ever since then, international aid has evolved into many different forms from its colonial roots. Admittedly, some aid can be detrimental to local economies and wildlife when mismanaged. Aid can also prolong civil wars, distort markets, propping up dictators and strain weak bureaucracies. Due to the history of sabotage and outright theft of foreign aid, donors have attempted to refocus the aid out of the hands of governments and directly to the people it was intended for.
The differences between Then and Now
Today, international aid has gone beyond previous expectations. It is no longer a colony-master relationship but has advanced into the principle of neighborhood living and sharing.
Impacts of International aid on developing countries
- Economic Growth: international assistance has helped to foster economic growth through the following means –
- By reduction of the poverty level: when provided to developing nations, foreign aid could cause a decline in poverty level by way of employment connections, social grants and access to some essential amenities like food, clothing, etc.
- Entrepreneurial assistance: Many foreign aids assist native developing countries by way of business grants and loans. These help citizens in starting up business platforms and fending for their immediate homes.
- Social growth: There are many social projects carried out by international aid groups on a daily basis. For example:
- The MDGs (Millennium Development Goals);
- The aids for gender equality (currently having a worth of over $200 million),
- Private aids (Over $16 billion has been invested into this by the US government alone) etc.
They are all targeted towards providing social amenities like portable water, medical/healthcare service, sanitation and information on common diseases, etc.
- Medical impacts: Let us draw an inference from a real-life occurrence; upon the outbreak of Ebola in 2014, some African countries were in critical conditions. Many lives were lost but it could have been a lot worse were it not for the collaborative interventions from foreign aid groups like the World Health Organization, United States Agency for International Development and the UN health agency etc.
Finally, a study in 1997 revealed that foreign aid has helped in accelerating economic and social growth by up to 20% in many African countries. These have immensely affected the lives of a lot of people.
International aids have brought education to many, and have best-positioned states and countries for better opportunities. Every well-meaning individual would agree that activities like this should be encouraged and applauded.